thsiknw
"Smile comes through, though my eyes might cry, when they reminisce over you...."
thsiknw
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haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
haitianhistory:

The Haitian Revolution - A short Reading List (of Anglophone scholars)

"More than two hundred years after Haitian independence was declared on January 1, 1804, it remains a challenge to perceive the spirit that fueled the first abolition of slavery in the New World and gave rise to the second independent nation in the Americas. As recently as ten years ago, the Haitian Revolution (1789-1804), which created “Haiti” out of the ashes of French Saint Domingue, was the least understood of the three great democratic revolutions that transformed the Atlantic world in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. That is no longer true. In the decade since the 2004 bicentennial, a genuine explosion of scholarship on the Saint-Domingue revolution has profoundly enriched our memory of what Hannah Arendt, in her comparative study of the American and French revolutions, called “the revolutionary tradition and its lost treasure”. It is not clear to what extent this development has affected broader public understandings of the Haitian predicament, however."

By Professor Malick W. Ghachem for the John Carter Brown Library online exposition: “The Other Revolution: Haiti 1789-1804.”
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by CLR James *
The Making Haiti: Saint Domingue Revolution From Below by Carolyn E. Fick 
Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution by Laurent Dubois 
A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution by Jeremy D. Popkin
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents by Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus
Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment by Nick Nesbitt 
Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History by Susan Buck-Morss
The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution by Malick W. Ghachem
You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery by Jeremy D. Popkin
The World of the Haitian Revolution by David Patrick Geggus and Norman Fiering
* Much more scholarship could have been included in this list. To find more monographs and articles on the Haitian Revolution or, for a general reading list on Haiti, see here and here.
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potootagath:

wingleader:

wakeupslaves:

the-goddamazon:

LOL man.

never forget white people did nothing first neither the best, they sleep and eat false propaganda,

Ugh, why the shit does that have to turn into a race thing? Why does EVERYTHING have to turn into a race thing?

because white people have made sure that everything is about race
as proved by the fact that when you say explorer, you think of a bunch of white guys walking the world and discovering it ~exotic wonders~ even though Zheng He travelled through Asia, to the Middle East, and even East Africa. But you’d likely never heard of him before.
Same reason you never heard of Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, an Arab traveller who, as early as the 10th century, went to the Volga area for diplomatic reasons. He wrote about it, much as Marco Polo would do later for his own travels, and is one of our sources on what viking were like (and by all accounts, he wrote about them more accurately than western scholars of the same period did)
Oh, or Ibn Battuta who travelled throughout Africa long before europeans did, and even went to Europe himself.
And that’s just some example of Muslim medieval travel writers
Everything is about race because white people keep telling everyone that their race is the only one who every got anything done.
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stellines:

11 Ways Smoking Can Improve A Woman’s Life – Jhené Aiko
stellines:

11 Ways Smoking Can Improve A Woman’s Life – Jhené Aiko
stellines:

11 Ways Smoking Can Improve A Woman’s Life – Jhené Aiko
stellines:

11 Ways Smoking Can Improve A Woman’s Life – Jhené Aiko
stellines:

11 Ways Smoking Can Improve A Woman’s Life – Jhené Aiko
+
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
knowledgeequalsblackpower:

how people miss the racial commentary of this song is still so astounding to me. it’s so clearly a fuck white beauty standards song.
most white people so drunk off whiteness, they don’t even get it.
who knew though…… by 2014, white people would “discover” twerking and  convince themselves that jennifer lopez and other white bitches made booty a good thing to have. lol.
they still can’t admit that black women are beautiful. they will just keep magic wand selecting all of our features as beautiful, but not beautiful on us.
+
america-wakiewakie:

How the iPhone 6 Helps Perpetuate Modern-Day Slavery | RSN

“How do we have this amazing microtechnology? Because the factory where they’re making these, they jump off the fucking roof because it’s a nightmare in there. You really have a choice – you can have candles and horses and be a little kinder to each other, or let someone suffer immeasurably far away just so you can leave a mean comment on YouTube while you’re taking a shit.”

— Louis C.K., Of Course, But Maybe

The iPhone 6 is coming out soon. But you don’t need one. Your lining up to buy Apple’s latest product is enabling their abuse of workers around the world, including in the United States. Of course, Apple isn’t the only one guilty of this. The HP laptop I’m using to write this article was made in the same way. As is the Samsung smartphone I used to tweet this article after it was published. But Apple is the most glaring example that our need for shiny new gadgets perpetuates atrocities.
Since 1998, seven million people have died in a civil war that continues to plague the Eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The war began when Rwanda-backed rebels attempted an overthrow of the Congolese government. The government teamed up with local militias known as the “Mai Mai,” who are known to occupy local villages, steal resources, and rape women. The DRC has become known as the “rape capital of the world,” in which marauders use rape as a weapon of coercion. Today, Mai Mai fighters and corrupt members of the Congolese military both enslave children in the DRC to mine columbite and tantalum, which together can form coltan, a necessary ingredient in modern laptops and smartphones.
As this mini-documentary from the Pulitzer Center shows, children as young as 13 are forced to work in the mines for as little as 2 dollars a day. They wear no safety protection, carry a store-bought, battery-powered flashlight, and often die from brutal working conditions that result in suffocation, cave-ins, and death from sheer exhaustion. Multinational corporations like Apple, Samsung, Dell, and HP all depend on the Congolese mining operations for their raw materials, as 80% of the world’s coltan supply comes from the region. The children have no other option but to work in the mines, because school is beyond the financial means of ordinary Congolese families.
The raw materials mined in Congo are then sent to factories in China – most notably, the Foxconn plant in Shenzhen. The factory has been described by local media as a “labor camp,” in which teenage students are sought out for employment and are forced to work more than double or even triple the overtime limit (36 hours a month under China’s labor laws), and workers are routinely uncompensated for injuries suffered on the job. Seventeen workers attempted suicide, and 14 died jumping from the roof of the building in 2010. The company responded by putting anti-suicide nets around the building, and forced employees to sign agreements stating that their employer would be exempt from lawsuits brought by family members in the event of their suicide. Foxconn claims to have raised workers’ wages to $298 per month, but workers say those pay raises never came.
After the raw materials for phones and computers are mined by underpaid and overworked Congolese teenagers, and those materials are assembled by underpaid and overworked Chinese teenagers, American teenagers and adults making poverty wages are then put to work in Apple stores hawking the new phones and computers. This is not unlike the triangular slave trade of the 18th century, in which African slaves were traded to America, American sugar and tobacco was traded to Europe, and European textiles, rum, and manufactured goods were traded to Africa. This time, the slaves are in Africa and Asia, and Americans are forced into wage slavery by an economy that encourages corporations to distribute profits upward to executives, while paying workers less and less.
This Forbes article describes how little Apple’s 30,000 Apple store employees nationwide make compared to Apple CEO Tim Cook, who received stock options last year worth $570 million. The average Apple store employee makes $11 to $12 an hour. Sure, it’s higher than the federal minimum wage, but that only amounts to $23,400 to $24,960 in pre-tax income for a full-time employee working 52 weeks in a year. That means even though Apple is raking in massive, record profits by selling expensive technology, and even though Apple has twice more cash on hand than the U.S. Treasury, and even though Apple pays a far lower effective tax rate than the average American family, their workers make so little that theyqualify for food stamps and Medicaid.
However, it isn’t just low-paid Apple store workers who are getting shafted. Tech engineers and coding experts looking for work in Silicon Valley have recently found themselves on the end of a wage restriction conspiracy. A Pando.com investigation published leaked emails showing that leading tech companies like Google, Apple, Dreamworks, Comcast, eBay, Lucasfilm, and others have been conspiring together to keep wages for tech engineers at a set rate, violating workers’ rights to seek competitive compensation. The wage conspiracy encompasses over 1,000,000 employees at over a dozen companies.
Corporations like Apple and HP could do the right thing by simply entering into contracts with the Congolese and Chinese governments to ensure that raw materials are mined and products are manufactured by workers who are paid a living wage and given adequate benefits. They could pay American workers at least $15 an hour, and provide opportunities for high-performing employees to share in some of the skyrocketing profits that were normally only preserved for executives and wealthy shareholders. All of this would result in iPhones and iPads costing a few dollars more. But American consumers would still be more than willing to buy shiny new gadgets for a little more if they knew they were made sustainably.
The decision will ultimately be up to us, the buyers. We either have to collectively decide that we’ll hold onto our current products as long as we can until the promise of sustainable manufacturing is made, or to line up like cattle for the next level of expensive gadgets made possible by a tremendous amount of human suffering.
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silly-gifs:

"tell me you saw that shit"
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kimkanyekimye:

Kanye is everything!!!
kimkanyekimye:

Kanye is everything!!!
kimkanyekimye:

Kanye is everything!!!
kimkanyekimye:

Kanye is everything!!!
kimkanyekimye:

Kanye is everything!!!
kimkanyekimye:

Kanye is everything!!!
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i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
i remember seeing this on t.v when i was young, I tried to do the same exact thing for a month - i never got close.
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-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
-teesa-:

9.2.14
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saladinahmed:

Questions you should ask yourself about your Strong Female Character. From this excellent article: http://t.co/efkvvUqsum
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pbsparents:

Make your own thermometer with this neat science project!
See more Full-Time Kid with Mya here. 
pbsparents:

Make your own thermometer with this neat science project!
See more Full-Time Kid with Mya here. 
pbsparents:

Make your own thermometer with this neat science project!
See more Full-Time Kid with Mya here. 
pbsparents:

Make your own thermometer with this neat science project!
See more Full-Time Kid with Mya here. 
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The music doesn’t come first for me.

the drugs do

then the music becomes nice, understandable, and even transformative.